Introduction to Servers
- Level: Beginner
- Presenter: Eli the Computer Guy
- Date Created: March 23, 2010
- Length of Class: 52 Minutes
Purpose of Class
- Discusses what servers are and misconceptions about them.
- Definition of a Server
- Server Operating Systems
- Server Hardware
- Server Functions
- Defining a Server
- A server provides services to other computers on a network. A server can be an expensive Windows 2008 Server, or a simple Windows XP Home computer with a shared printer.
- Operating System
- Server Operating Systems are more stable and secure then Desktop operating Systems
- Server Operating Systems and their Software are generally much more expensive then Desktop counterparts
- Server Operating Systems are generally not as easy to administer as Desktop Operating Systems
- A Server can use ANY hardware to operate, but Server Hardware is made to be more reliable then desktop hardware.
- Xeon Processors are standard processors used in servers
- Redundant Power Supply allow one power Supply to Fail while the Server is Still Running
- RAID – Allows for a Hard Drive to fail without crashing the Server
- ECC RAM is RAM that does a self test. It is more stable then regular RAM, but much more expensive.
- Types of Servers
- Software features – multiple features can be on one box
- Security and Authentication gives access to network resources
- Print Servers share printers on a network
- File Servers share files on a network
- Web/ FTP Servers provide websites on a network
- Mail Servers provide email routing for an organization
- Database Servers store data for outside applications
- Remote Access Servers allow Internet users to access the internal network. Usually a VPN connection.
- Final Thoughts…
- Buy what you need… Many people buy a $5000 server when all they need is a Dell bargain bin system.